Tokyo-based multinational electronics giant Toshiba is best known in the UK for its laptops and TVs, as well as other home entertainment devices such as camcorders, tablets and media players. It's less well known for its phones, but it does lay claim to inventing the first colour video phone in 1970, some four decades before the technology entered the mainstream on Apple's iPhone 4.
With origins dating back to 1875 as Tokyo Shibaura Denki, it renamed as Toshiba Corporation in 1978. It's fondly remembered as Tosh by the 30-something CNET staff who grew up with its Alexei Sayle-inspired "Hello Tosh, gotta Toshiba?" commercials from the 80s.
Toshiba proudly boasts launching the first laptop computers upon the world in 1985 -- an area in which it remains focused today. Its Qosmio and Satellite laptops have received high scores in our reviews of late, as have its tablets.
The company notably lost out in a three-year high-definition format war to the Sony and Panasonic-backed Blu-ray, when its HD DVD tech finally waved the white flag in 2008. But it quickly bounced back, marketing the world's first glasses-free 3D LCD TV.